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Stress of Immigration Can Also Cause Emotional Eating

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By Lachelle Arevalo

What is emotional eating? Simply put, emotional eating satisfies emotional hunger, instead of physical hunger. Negative or overwhelming feelings, such as depression, anxiety, boredom, fatigue or emptiness, can trigger this eating disorder.

Manila-born Rochelle Potato is all-too-familiar with the consequences. “I immigrated to Canada for a job opportunity, but I had to leave my two young children back in the Philippines. It was one of the most difficult periods in my life,” she says. “I worried day-in and day-out, and had countless sleepless nights. To compensate for my lack of energy and to ward off my inner anguish, I would stuff myself with sugary foods, like ice cream, cake and chocolate.”

Not surprisingly, the constant binge-eating and unhealthy food choices caused her to gain weight in no time. “I gained around 20 pounds in just under three months upon arriving in Toronto. The clothes I brought from Manila couldn’t fit me anymore, and I got depressed. Worse, because I was depressed, I got stressed out and started eating so much more junk food,” she says.

Eating because depressed? 

According to Dr Octavian Boureanu, staff psychiatrist at Lakeshore General Hospital in Pointe-Claire, Quebec, “there seems to be an inverse relationship [between depression and obesity], where obese people have a 55 per cent increased tendency to develop depression. The mechanism is not entirely known; it could be because of the inflammatory cascade triggered by the obesity.”

When asked if stress does indeed cause weight gain, the Romanian-born doctor explained: “Depression is a chronic stress for the body. There are probably many mechanisms [as to how stress can cause weight gain]. One of them, likely an important one, would be through the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis, which basically co-ordinates the body’s response to stress, mood and emotions. Chronic stress leads to the hyperactivity of this axis, which results in an increased cortisol level, and then eventually to obesity.” In layman’s terms, depression can lead to overeating and weight gain; obesity can lead to depression. Without a doubt, emotional eating can activate a tragic cycle that could lead to obesity-related complications, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart ailments and gastric ulcers, among others.

Stop emotional eating 

Fortunately, there is hope yet for emotional-eaters. Here are some self-therapy strategies from Dr. Boureanu:

Be aware: Before eating, measure hunger between 1 to 10. If the level is below 6, the hunger is likely emotional, rather than physical. Another way is to ask: “Am I really hungry, or just bored?”

Keep a journal: Record eating schedules and food choices. The notes would provide a clear indication if food is perceived as sustenance, or as an emotion-blocker.

Make healthy food choices: Snacking is different from emotional eating. Preparing in-between meals or bringing a brown-bag lunch to work or school can ensure healthier food choices.

Be active: An idle mind is more susceptible to emotional eating. Schedule physical or social activities, such as going for a walk or visiting friends or family, before the first indications of weariness or sadness set in.

Find inner peace: This is easier said than done, and might take years of practice. There are several exercises that promote inner peace; popular ones include yoga, meditation, listening to relaxing music, and deep breathing.

Lose weight and keep it off

Like Rochelle and many other immigrants, this author also suffered from emotional eating. Upon diagnosis of early onset of Type 2 diabetes, she immediately decided to turn her life around and started on her weight-loss program. After adopting a new way of eating and following an active lifestyle, she eventually lost more than 35 pounds, kept it off, and founded an online community that helps other people in weight management. Here are her top three, fail-safe ways to lose weight:

* Follow a low-carbohydrate, protein-rich, high-fiber diet. Stop eating sugary, starch-laden, and processed foods. Choose lean meats and green leafy vegetables for meals; raw seeds and nuts or aged cheeses for snacks; fibrous fruits for desserts.

* Exercise at least 30 minutes to 1 hour daily. Regular physical activities, such as low or high-intensity exercises and strength-training sessions, dramatically increase metabolism and complement weight loss.

* Create or join a support group: Shifting to a healthy lifestyle is difficult without support and encouragement. Get your friends and family involved or find like-minded individuals online and offline that would promote mutual understanding. This would ensure that goals are achieved, while a responsive, health-conscious community is established.

Finally, it must be noted that food by itself does not cause weight gain, habits do. Habitual emotional eating, as well as making constant bad food choices, can lead to irreparable consequences. This destructive path can be avoided by empowering oneself to create an environment where there is a regular dose of activities and positive human interaction.

Canadian News

Joint statement from the Greater Toronto Area & Hamilton Mayors and Chairs

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Ontario Premier Doug Ford, left, and Toronto Mayor John Tory
Ontario Premier Doug Ford, left, and Toronto Mayor John Tory take part in a candlelit vigil to honour the victims of a deadly shooting in Toronto on Wednesday July 25, 2018. Ten-year-old Julianna Kozis of Markham, Ont., and 18-year-old Reese Fallon of Toronto were killed in Sunday's shooting attack, and 13 other people were injured. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chris Young

We are united in fighting COVID-19 – protecting our residents and saving lives.

While the measures we have taken to stop the spread of the virus have made a difference, this virus has still taken far too many lives in our communities and continues to threaten the lives of our residents.

At the same time, there is no denying the devastating impact of COVID-19 on the economy. Jobs have been lost, many businesses have closed or are at risk of closure, and many families are worried about their financial future.

We’ve been hit hard but that’s why it is so important that we keep moving forward and come back as strong as possible.

Today, the GTHA Mayors and Chairs met to discuss the impacts of COVID-19 on the region and how our municipalities can work together on the economic restart and recovery.

We know the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area alone is projected to lose 355,000 jobs and 28% of GDP along with $894 million in lost wages and $3.7 billion in revenue losses for businesses. This will be felt right across the GTHA but it also threatens the provincial and national economies.

A strong recovery right here in the GTHA is crucial to healing the economic damage done by COVID-19 and helping the families and businesses all governments have been working to protect throughout this emergency.

Ontario’s economy and Canada’s economy need the GTHA to come back stronger than ever when the restart begins.

We are determined to deliver this recovery and we agreed today that the GTHA municipalities will be working together to successfully and smoothly reopen our vital regional economy when the time comes.

We also discussed how we can in a consistent way achieve significant, necessary financial support from the other governments to help mitigate the impact of COVID-19 and protect our ability to contribute to the recovery. A strong recovery needs strong cities and regional governments.

We have agreed we will work together to share information about our respective financial positions and explore together measures we can advocate to the other governments which will help to ensure the financial stability of local and regional governments in the GTHA.

Our child care and recreation programs help parents get back to work.

Our emergency services keep people safe.

Our transit systems get people to work and home safely.

Our major infrastructure projects – often built in conjunction with the other governments – will help kick-start the recovery and create countless jobs.

Our economic development activities attract jobs and investment.

We built a strong and vibrant GTHA and we know that we will need to come back even stronger and as quickly as we can in order to keep Canada’s economy going.

With the cooperation and support of the provincial and federal governments, we are ready to rise to this challenge.”

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Canadian News

Four People Charged in Mississauga Pedestrian Fail to Remain Fatality

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Investigators from the Major Collision Bureau have charged four people in Mississauga’s most recent fatal fail to remain collision.

On Thursday, February 15, 2018, at approximately 8:40 p.m., the victim, a 61 year-old female from Mississauga, was struck by a south bound vehicle as she was crossing Mavis Road in the area of Knotty Pine Grove in the City of Mississauga. The vehicle did not remain and the victim, having suffered major injuries, was pronounced dead at the scene.

On Saturday, February 17, 2018 shortly before 7:00 p.m., Satchithanantha VAITHILINGAM, a 60 year-old male from Brampton, and the driver believed to be responsible in this incident, surrendered to police at 22 Division. Satchithanantha VAITHILINGAM has since been charged with Fail to Remain Cause Death.

Hivissa SATCHITHANANTHAN, a 25 year old female from Brampton, Shajeetha SATCHITHANANTHAN a 28 year-old female from Brampton and Gowtham SATKUNARAJAH a 28 year-old male from Brampton have each been charged with Accessory After the Fact in relation to this incident.

Satchithanantha VAITHILINGAM will answer to his charge on March 12, 2018. Hivissa SATCHITHANANTHAN, Shajeetha SATCHITHANANTHAN andGowtham SATKUNARAJAH will answer to their charges on Monday March 26, 2018 at the Ontario Court of Justice in Brampton

Anyone who may have witnessed the collision, have dashboard video footage of the incident or who may have any information regarding this incident is asked to contact investigators with the Major Collision Bureau at (905) 453-2121, ext. 3710. Information may also be left anonymously by calling Peel Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477), or by visiting www.peelcrimestoppers.ca or by sending a text message to CRIMES (274637) with the word ‘PEEL’ and then your tip.

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Canadian News

Justin Trudeau in India: Hug missing! Mounting pressure?

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The much publicized and anticipated visit of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to India was marred with questions. The questions were centered on the kind of welcome he would be given in the Sikh dominated state of Punjab. Also the famous hug by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was being anticipated. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau finally made his much-touted visit to India. He landed on the Indira Gandhi Airport, New Delhi only to be received by Gajendra Singh Shekhawat not even a Cabinet Minister in Narendra Modi’s government.

He is presently the second rank Minister of State for Agriculture.  That comes in complete contrast to the warmth that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his NDA government has generally displayed towards the visiting dignitaries.  Only a couple of weeks ago, when the heads of the 10 ASEAN states arrived in India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi didn’t receive Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the airport, as he has previously done with many leaders including Barack Obama, Xi Jinping, Shinzo Abe, and Benjamin Netanyahu.

The fact that Prime Minister Narendra Modi didn’t join him is all surprising even when Prime Minister Trudeau visited Gujarat. This is unusual because the Indian Prime Minister has set a trend that he always accompanies head of the state when they visit his home state.

Even Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath did not show up, let alone accompany Prime Minister Trudeau to the Taj. However, during Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s 15 January visit to the Taj Mahal at Agra, Yogi Adityanath had received Netanyahu and his wife and shown them around as well as hosted a lunch for them. For first three days, none from the executive or the elected representative held any meeting with the delegation.

Media in India is trying to spread a message that the cold treatment given by Prime Minister could be because two of the four Sikh members of Trudeau’s cabinet – Harjit Sajjan and Amarjeet Sohi – support the Khalistan movement. However, had that been the case his visit to Punjab would have got a similar response.  However, the Punjab Government led by Captain Amarinder Singh rolled out a red carpet during his stay at Amritsar and even the two leaders held some fruitful discussions.

Thus putting an end to those criticisms that that Prime Minister Trudeau’s visit was devoid of any warmth.  Chief Minister of Punjab Amarinder Singh, for instance who met Prime Minister Justin Trudeau setting aside his earlier prejudice that he exhibited during the visit of Defence Minister Harjeet Singh Sajjan.

In recent months, Gurudwaras (Sikh temples) in Canada, the United States and Australia have banned Indian officials from visiting gurudwaras and the moment started with Gurudwaras here in Toronto. Could that be the reason for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to not accord one of the warmest welcomes that he is known to provide?  Or the use by Canada’s parliament of the term genocide to describe mass killings of Sikhs in India in 1984 has left the Indian Prime Minister disturbed?  However, more than Prime Minister Modi, this could have left the Congress party in troubled waters, but that was also not the case as Amarinder Singh hails from the same party.

The lukewarm welcome to Prime Minister Trudeau can have its political ramifications too. Will it hamper the significant 2015 deal, in which Canada agreed to supply 3,000 metric tons of Uranium to power India’s atomic reactors?

Somewhere Prime Minister Modi has not taken the issue of non allowing entry of Indian officials to Gurudwaras and the statement on Genocide too lightly. Prime Minister Modi however has failed to understand that Canada cannot curtail the right of freedom of speech and expression of its citizen.

Two nations perhaps failed to resolve the matter before Prime Minister boarded the flight from Canada and not welcoming Prime Minister Trudeau could be a tactical decision to put pressure on him. With Prime Minister Modi preferring to meet him at the far end of the tour has conveyed a lot about the myopic approach of Prime Minister Modi.

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